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Plate Eleven
Yomut Chuval
Classic Period

The richly colored green main border is both unusual and particularly beautiful as it provides an excellent background for the generously positioned designs placed upon it. They also appear in the main border of the previous example. Here they are not only larger but terraced, whereas Plate Tenís have the usual jagged or serrate-edge finish. This design is actually a göl known as ashik and it frequently appears as a chuval minor göl and in the borders of post-conquest weavings of the colonial period.

A similar terraced-style ornament also appears in the far more complex main border of a very well known archaic period multi-göl main carpet(fig.39). Notice how they both share similar bracket-like designs between each of the terraced ornaments, albeit the carpetís version being more intricate with that rather thick and heavy vine-like meander with its associated hooked extensions. Also the rarely encountered cross tertiary göls that appear in the field of this chuval seem to be related to those, again more complex ones, found in the terraced ornaments of the multi-göl carpet.

The chemche secondary göls and the entire appearance of this chuval have the somewhat squashed and compressed appearance not usually associated with the classic weaving period. However the chunky bold main göls, the wide main border and tall partial chemches that appear closest to the top border are able to offset this impression. These factors plus the inclusion of tertiary elements support a classic period designation and imply it was produced by a sub-group of the western Yomut. Brilliant and super-saturated dyes combined with a deep surface patina suggest an archaic nomadic lifestyle. This was not the norm for Yomut, or in fact the other Turkmen groups, during the classic period and generally non-existent during subsequent weaving periods.


Fig. 39 Multi-göl carpet Ballard Collection Textile Museum, Washington, DC

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